What To Do About The Deleterious Effects of Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs feed on warm-blooded hosts like human beings to survive as well as reproduce. Their bites are not harmful but can root health issues like anemia and sleep deprivation. Bites are itchy, which causes frustration and need OTC medication to get relieved from the itchiness.

How bed bugs find warm-blooded hosts?

Warm-blooded living beings releases carbon dioxide, so bed bugs detect this and respond. They penetrate the host’s skin to feed on blood. A salivary fluid, which includes an anticoagulant [anesthetic-like compound] gets injected. It creates a numbing effect and they can suck the blood without getting interrupted.

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How much blood do they feed on?

The amount of duration of blood they feed on depends on the bed bugs growing stage. It ranges from 3 to 15 minutes. Nighttime is the best time for them to feed on exposed areas like arms, neck, hand, shoulder, and face.

What happens when a bug bites?

The aftereffect of bed bugs depending on the frequency and the person. Itchy red welts and bumps are produced on the skin surface. Excessive scratching can cause skin breakage and ultimately bacterial skin infection.

The response of some people is of fear, anxiety, stress, insomnia, and even paranoia. Lack of sleep due to fear of bed bug bite can trigger depression. Frequent feeding can cause the host to lose lots of blood leading to anemia. Children are very vulnerable to other complications.

Some facts about bed bug one must be aware of

  • If the infestation is low, you may not be able to see them but look closely. However, when you identify tell-tale signs like feces or bloodstains on walls, mattresses or linens, then check thoroughly in the cracks, crevices, seams, and tags.

  • Clean the site of the bite with water and soap. Avoid scratching to avoid infection. Apply topical steroid cream to avoid severe itching.
  • In case of infection visit your doctor to manage the situation with antibiotics.
  • Bed bugs don’t transmit diseases like ticks and mosquitoes.
  • If bed bug issue in your home gets known widely then this can cause stigmatization by the community or friends. Such a situation can cause anxiety stress and depression.

Bed bug control is not a DIY project because the tiny buggers are notorious to get rid of. Contact an experienced pest control professional or if you are a tenant call your landlord to handle this situation.